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The turkey, also known as Meleagris, is a species of bird in the family Phasianidae. These backyard birds are mainly raised for their meat. The turkey produces gurgling sounds.
The turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) are the typical pets of our backyards. The turkey, with its lean meat and high protein content, is poultry particularly appreciated for its meat and is the traditional dish of our Christmas meals. Imposing in size, the turkey is very recognizable by its piercing and unpleasant cries.
- Size: 76 to 125 cm
- Weight: 10-13 kg (turkey) / 6-8 kg (turkey)
- Life expectancy: 11 to 13 years
- Gestation period: 28 to 30 days
Turkey Coloring Pages Collection
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Origin and Characteristics of the Turkey
The turkey is a species of galliform bird of the family Phasianidae. It originated in America and was introduced into Spain around 1500, and then spread throughout Europe. In France, the first turkeys were served as a dish at the wedding of King Charles IX in 1570.
It is a large bird whose physical characteristic is to have a soft, red, fleshy growth on the forehead.
The turkey’s head and neck are devoid of feathers. The tail feathers are long and fan-shaped. The turkey is less imposing than the male and has smaller fleshy formations on its head and neck.
How Do You Raise Turkeys?
Although hardy, turkeys are resistant to wet and cold. Their habitat must be in a dry place with space where they can protect themselves and keep warm.
Because the male is particularly mean and aggressive, turkeys should not be allowed to live together with other species.
What is the Turkey’s Habitat?
The turkey and turkey on our farms need space to live.
They need large pens where they can find their food, complete with trees that they use as perches and bunks. In wet or cold weather, they must be able to find shelter in a place that protects them from the elements.
What Should Turkeys be Fed?
Turkey and turkey feed in farmyards on seeds, vegetable scraps, and thick leaves such as rhubarb, Jerusalem artichokes, and nettle, which they find in their pens or on their run.
They also appreciate berries and small fruits (blueberries, currants, strawberries, or plums). The smaller, more fragile ones require special, well-dosed food available in pet shops.
The Main Health Problems of Turkeys
The offspring of the turkey, the turkey poults, are particularly fragile and require careful care. At around two months of age, they can suffer what is known as the “red crisis” (growth crisis) and die suddenly.
This critical period can be avoided by appropriate feeding. As an adult, turkeys are susceptible to parasites that are transmitted through the eggs and cause intestinal problems, apathy, and eye problems. To avoid these parasites, strict hatchery hygiene is required. Besides, humidity and cold affect the health of the turkeys, weakening their joints.
The turkey mates with seven to eight turkeys. During the mating season, he parades around, clucking and proudly spreading his tail feathers. Turkeys lay eggs in the spring when they are 10 to 12 months old.
Particularly good incubators, they give 15 to 20 eggs per year and, depending on the circumstances, lay a second clutch in July or August. The eggs hatch after 28 to 30 days. Very fragile at birth, the young are considered to become sturdy adults at about 6 or 7 months of age.